Engineering that gives you wings: Aeronautical Engineering
Aeronautics is also referred to as ''sailing the sky''. Aeronautical engineering involves the mechanisms of a flying aircraft. It supports development of new technologies in aviation and defence systems. This field mainly consists of construction,designing, working, testing, operation, maintenance of space crafts, satellites, missiles, space vehicles, etc. The scope of Aeronautical Engineering is immense and growing at a rapid rate, which is focussed on improving flight safety, fuel efficiency,speed and weight, as well as reducing system costs and using advanced technologies to meet customer needs. Aeronautical engineering is also called as an aerospace engineering.
The Defence services and Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) also happen to be two major employers of such specialists. The main thrust in this area is on design and development of aircrafts for space and satellite research. Defense Research and Development. This is a rewarding career path with excellent remuneration.
As an aerospace engineer, you will need to be interested in applied sciences such as Physics and Maths. Also, you should be interested in mechanics, electrical systems, computers and design. Other skills may include having a practical but analytical mind, exceptional attention to detail and the ability to solve complex problems, to fulfil relay complex technical theories to suppliers and buyers and strong communication skills. Fitness plays a major role in some areas of Aeronautical engineering. There may be specific physical requirements such as having 20:20 vision for some roles.
Courses and Eligibility
Aeronautical Engineering offers a broad range of courses such as:
Aircraft Maintenance Engineering
Bachelor of Science in Aircraft Engineering
Bachelor of Engineering in Aeronautical Engineering
Bachelor of Technology in Aeronautical Engineering
Bachelor of Engineering in Aerospace Engineering
Bachelor of Technology in Aerospace Engineering
Master of Science in Aircraft Engineering
Master of Engineering in Aerospace Engineering
Master of Technology in Aerospace Engineering
Master of Engineering in Aeronautical Engineering
Master of Technology in Aeronautical Engineering
Doctor of Philosophy in Aeronautical Engineering
Merit of 50 % and above with PCM background (Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics) in 10+2.
For Bachelors in Aeronautical Engineering
Selection of the graduate courses (BE/B.Tech) is based on merit of High school education. If your degree is taught in English and you are an international student, you may need to prove your proficiency through a standardised exam such as IELTS or take an English language course prior to commencing your degree in order to obtain a student visa or entry into the program. Entrance to the IITs is through 'JEE' (Joint Entrance Exam). The duration of the course extends up to four years.
For License Requirements
If you plan on offering your services to the public (Pilot), you will need to become a licensed engineer. It involves completing a Bachelor's degree programme accredited by the Accreditation Board of Engineering and Technology, passing the fundamentals of engineering exam. After gaining work experience, interns can take the Principles and Practice of engineering test, which grants the professional engineer title. Some states also specify that continuing education is needed to maintain licenses.
For Masters In Aeronautical Engineering
It is mandatory to hold a Bachelor's degree in BE/B.Tech (Aerospace, Aeronautical, Mechanical, Civil, Mechatronics).
Where to study?
- Indian Institute for Aeronautical Engineering & Information Technology, Pune
- Indian Institute of Technology (Mumbai , Kharagpur, Chennai, Kanpur)
- Anna University, Chennai
- Hindustan Institute of Engineering Technology, Chennai
- Nehru College of Aeronautics & Applied Science, Coimbatore
- Indian Institute of Aeronautical Engineering, Dehradun
- Institute of Aviation Technology, Bahadurgarh
- VSM Aerospace, Bangalore
- Hindustan Electronics Academy, Bangalore
Top International Universities
- Massachusetts Institute of Technology
- University of Cambridge
- Harvard University
- Stanford University
- University of California
- University of Oxford
Aerospace engineers are divided into two main types: astronautical engineers and aeronautical engineer. They are concerned with activities both inside and outside our atmosphere. Aeronautical engineers design aircraft that flies only within our atmosphere.
Developing avionic systems like navigation instruments and communications
Researching ways to make fuel Âefficient parts, such as wings, fuselage and engines
Scheduling and supervising line (airport) and base (hangar) aircraft maintenance
Using computer Âassisted engineering and design software and equipment to perform engineering tasks
Aeronautical engineering has become a remunerative and prestigious career option. The average startÂup pay in this field ranges from 3Â5 lakhs per annum. For a highly skilled and experienced aeronautical engineer may even be offered a package of Rs 80,000 to 1.25 lakh per month. Generally, salary and perks are better in the private sector than the government sector. The approximate starting salaries in the government/public sectors, such as HAL and NAL, are Rs 30,000 to Rs 40,000 per month. Those working in research organisations, like ISRO and DRDO, are paid a monthly remuneration of Rs 35,000 to Rs 45,000.
Engineering graduates with management degrees are absorbed at starting salaries of Rs 40,000 to Rs 50,000 per month plus perks.